Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is a national research institution that focuses primarily on the United States nuclear weapons.
Working closely with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), LANL is a national security science lab that ensures weapons are reliable, safe, and secure. LANL also leads the way in basic and applied science research and technology. Los Alamos National Laboratory is located in Los Alamos, New Mexico. The laboratory’s technical areas stretch across the Jemez Mountains. These Technical areas are guarded with barbed wire, a (surveillance camera system), guards and chain-linked fences.
Los Alamos National Laboratory began in 1943 to build the United States first atomic bomb in response to World War II speculation of Adolf Hitler’s German atomic warfare testing. The Manhattan Project is the initial name of this top-secret project because it originated in Manhattan. It was later moved to the new laboratory in Los Alamos renaming it Project Y . LANL operated out of a closed school called the Los Alamos Ranch School for boys. The original director of LANL was J. Robert Oppenheimer. Robert Oppenheimer served as the laboratory’s director from 1943-1945. Along with Robert Oppenheimer, other scientists that contributed to the creation of the first atomic bomb consisted of Albert Einstein , Harold Urey, and Richard Feynman.
On July 16, 1945 the nations’ first atomic bomb was successfully built and detonated at the Alamogordo bombing range. On August 6, 1945 , under the leadership of President Harry S. Truman, the atomic bomb known as “Little Boy” was dropped in Hiroshima, Japan. Three days later on August 9, 1945 , the United States released “Fat Man” in Nagasaki, Japan. The Japanese surrendered and World War II had officially ended with the defeat of Japan. The Second World War officially ended on September 2, 1945.
Los Alamos National Laboratory invented the flow cytometer in the 1970’s, a tool that sorts, classifies, and analyzes intact- cells and whole chromosomes in a matter of minutes. This invention can detect salmonella, MRSA outbreaks and other diseases. The flow cytometer is also said to fight bioterrorism. Since the 1970’s LANL has ratified the flow cytometer to be more sensitive and faster.
Los Alamos National Laboratory is one of six centers that contribute to the Human Genome Project. The Human Genome Project is an effort to research and identify all 140,000 genes in human DNA. This project also researches the order of chemical base pairs that make up the Human Genome. Since the participation of the Human Genome Project, LANL have discovered telomeres at the end of chromosomes. Telomeres protect chromosomes and determine genetic stability.
In 2003, Scientists produced airborne infrared sensor technology. Known as Airborne Spectral Photometric Collection Technology (ASPECT), it acts as a (surveillance camera) operating on a small plane that watches gaseous chemical releases. It provides detailed information on the color, size, shape and concentration of the gas to identify the chemicals released from disastrous circumstances like terrorist attacks or a building explosion.